Region of Sterea Ellada

1. General Information

Viotia is one of the fifty-one prefectures of Greece expanding on an area of 3.211 square kilometers with a population of approximately 135.000 residents. It is within the Central Greece periphery, and its area was known in ancient times. Its capital, both in commercial and financial terms, is Livadeia, the second largest city being Thebes, and the area has access to the island of Euboea via two bridges : one that runs through Chalcis, and another bypassing it with a further road via Athens. Its bounding prefectures are Phocis in the west, Phthiotis to the north and northwest, Euboea in the east via a bay and a gulf, and Attica to the south. The prefecture has ample fertile land, some mountainous area of natural beauty as well as historical and religious monuments.

2. Geography

Its geography includes part of the Parnitha ranges in the southwest, with a huge mining area in the southeast and mountains in the south, including Helicon; more cover the west, including mount Parnassus, where the prefecture’s only ski resort is located; and more again in the north, with a few forests and hills in the east. Its longest river, the Cephissus, lies in the central part, where most of the low- lying areas of Viotia are to be found. Two lakes lie to the northeast, and have been considered a wetland. Its climate ranges from hot summers to mild-to-cool winters, while the northern and eastern part are often more likely to experience cloud during the later part of the day.

3. Financial Sector

The residents of Viotia mostly work for the production and process of agricultural, cattle farming, fishing, fishing farming and beekeeper products. In the city centers (Levadia- Thiva) the residents are mainly occupied with the trade and in some areas, such as Arachova and Delfi, with tourism. Viotia is the home of the third largest pasta factory in Europe, built by Misko, a member of Barilla Group.

Primary Sector

The main pillar of economic development of the prefecture of Viotia is the primary production sector. The extensive flat area of the county is rich in agricultural production and the cities Levadia and Thiva are commercial trading centers and they heavily engage in processing of agricultural products. The financial activity of the city of Livadia focuses mainly on the secondary (ginning houses, craft industrial units,
etc.) and the tertiary sector (commerce-services), while, nowadays, agricultural production contributes to an ever diminishing extent to the overall income. The city’s prospects pertain to its progressive development into an urban centre. The investments that are being realized or planned in the greater area (the motor racing track of Orhomenos, roads in Mount Elikon) but also in the City are likely to boost tourist development in the area. To that purpose, the Municipality of Livadia, putting emphasis on the development of mild forms of tourism, is already making use of Community programs.

The agricultural sector is considered as the most vital for the county’s economy. In region’s fertile lands are cultivated agricultural products such as cotton, tobacco, olives, cereals, legumes, vegetables, fruits and nuts.

The livestock sector contributes significantly to economic development of the prefecture of Viotia, mainly by livestock stabling which mainly concerns cattle raising being concentrated in parts of southeast Viotia. In the context of the livestock sector, the breeding of sheep, goat, pig and poultry as well the beekeeping are the main pillars of this sector of the local economy.

According to recent statistics, the main fishing activities in the Prefecture of Viotia, mainly relate to the fishing of the butt, red sea, mullet, whitebait, cod, the ball, hake, scorpion fish, comber, mackerel and squid. The most common fish species raised by fish farms are sea bass, sea bream, red porgy, sharp snout bream, red sea and the murmur. Furthermore, the main freshwater aquaculture products are trout carp, heads and butterflies fish.

Mineral Wealth

The mineral resources of the county are primarily bauxite, ferrous nickel ores, and marble. In the prefecture of Viotia there are located industrial mineral mines, quarries, aggregates, marble and slate quarries.

Secondary Sector

The Viotia shows a marked dependence on the secondary sector of production whereas a significant proportion of employment of county manufacturing companies is located in processing industry. Viotia is featured by high potentiality of productivity and vigorous presence in modernized industrial activity.

The geographical position of Viotia is indeed very advantageous and thus has up to date attracted more than 3.000 small and large industries mainly in the areas Schimatari and Inofita, transforming these areas into significant regional industrial centers. In the prefecture of Viotia, large factory production units operate such as cotton ginning, textiles, building materials etc. A well-developed sector in the county is that of the mining industry located mainly in Stiri in Distomo Parnassus (bauxite) and Ptoo (ore). In the area of Viotia there are robust and rapidly expanding mining industries such as LARKO, TITAN, and Aluminum of Greece (which remodels 250.000 tons of aluminum every year, which makes up for 1, 7 gross domestic product of Greece).

Tertiary Sector


At this day, due to the rapid growth of many ski resorts in Parnassos and of the wider area, tourism plays an important role in the areas’ economy making it a great tourist resorts with a cosmopolitan nature that combines elements of folk architecture: stone houses, paved alleys, mansions, arched gates, historic fountains and beautiful churches, the traditional weavings, the folk art, the wool carpets, the hand-woven bags and the longhaired rugs. Arachova and Delfi are deemed the most prominent tourist sites in Viotia Prefecture where the local economy is founded on winter skiing tourism.

Last Update:

Project Budget

Total Project Budget: 1.763.295,00

EC Funding: 878.047€

(49,8% of Total Project Budget)

LIFE09 ENV/GR/000300

Development of knowledge-based web services to promote and advance Industrial Symbiosis in Europe with the contribution of the financial instrument LIFE of the European Union